You will see a lot of acronyms, mainly with 3 letters, these are called TLAs, three letter acronyms, and this is your guide to understanding what they mean
WWW – World Wide Web
The Internet is a network, a lot of things use the Internet, Email, Video, smart devices, and the World Wide Web. When you use a browser to look up a website, you are using the World Wide Web, invented by Sir Tim Burners Lee, in 1989. At the time, he was working in CERN, a Particle Physics Lab in Geneva.
TLD – Top Level Domain.
This is the .com or the .ie at the end of a website address. A lot of new TLDs have been launched, like .club, .limo and .tech.
IP Address – Internet Protocol
This is a string of numbers separated by dots, which is how you get to a website. You use a DNS to look these up.
This is an expansion of the current IP system. The original system is called IPv4 and has 4 groups of numbers, which means there are 4,294,967,296 available. Would you believe this is running out, and that is now why we need IPv6, which has 6 groups of numbers and 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,456, so we won’t be running out any time soon.
DNS – Domain Name Server
This is a system that turns a text website address like bytek.ie into a set of numbers, it’s IP address
IoT - Internet of Things
These are usually small devices, other than computers, that connect to the Internet, for example, a light bulb, speaker, sensor. The most famous example of this is perhaps the Nest Thermostat.
HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol
This is how your browser makes a request to the web server that hosts a website when you type bytek.ie, your browser sends a HTTP request and when the page comes back, the server sends a HTTP response with the website.
HTTPS - Hypertext Transfer Protocol
Like HTTP, but when you make a connection it is secure. You should check the website address starts with https:// or has a padlock on it in your address bar when giving out financial or confidential information.
POP – Post Office Protocol
POP was first introduced in 1982 and is designed for slow connections. It is insecure and doesn’t support syncing to multiple machines
IMAP – Internet Message Access Protocol
While IMAP is more advanced, it requires a lot of remote space. For work emails, the most professional and secure way to do this is with Exchange or Office 365
Bytek is an IT company dedicated to helping small and medium businesses succeed, with our helpdesk, hosted and VoIP solutions. Find out more here.